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  1. Thank you to Kayla Johnson from Community Relations / Tuck Sleep in Seattle, who has let me share her articles.

    You can visit their website for much more here

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    DOGS

    If you’re a dog parent, you know they love to sleep. But why do they sleep so much, and are they really dreaming when you see their paws twitch in their sleep?

    Keep reading to discover the answers to these questions and more.

    How much do dogs sleep?

    On average, dogs spend 12 to 14 hours per day sleeping. Your dog’s particular sleep needs may vary around that range, depending on his age, size, breed, activity level, and overall health:

    • Larger breeds tend to sleep more than smaller breeds.
    • Working dogs with activity-filled days sleep less, while those who lead sedentary lives will sleep more.
    • Puppies can spend up to 20 hours sleeping a day. Growing and learning how to be a dog takes a lot of energy!
    • As dogs age into their senior years, they spend more time sleeping since they tire more easily.

    Wild dogs and wolves may sleep even more than domesticated dogs. They have to hunt for their food, which expends more energy. When food is scarce, they need to conserve their energy. An expedient way to do that is by sleeping.

    Do dogs experience the same sleep cycles as humans?

    Like humans and other mammals, dogs progress through different stages of sleep. Also like us, dogs experience REM sleep.

    The main difference between dog sleep and human sleep is how much time they spend in the different stages, as well as a dog’s tendency to sleep in bursts throughout the day. Dogs tend to experience sleep-wake cycles of 16 minutes asleep, 5 minutes awake – quite the contrast with our typical sleep-wake cycle of 7 to 9 hours asleep, 15 to 17 hours awake.

    When dogs fall asleep, they enter deep sleep. Their breathing and heart rate slow while their blood pressure drops. About 10 minutes in, they enter REM sleep and dream like humans. You can often identify this stage because their eyes roll under their eyelids, and they may start twitching in their sleep as they dream of chasing after squirrels.

    Since dogs are always on the alert to protect their pack from intruders, they’re able to wake more easily. It’s common for them to wake up before completing a full sleep-wake cycle, from deep to REM sleep. As a result, scientists estimate they need to sleep more often overall in order to get their sufficient amount of REM.

    What does a day in the life of a dog look like?

    The typical dog spends half of his day asleep, and nearly a third of his day just lying around. The rest of his day is reserved for playing, using the restroom, and begging for treats.

    Dogs are flexible sleepers. They have no problem adjusting their sleep schedule to their owner’s needs. If you work a 9 to 5 job, your dog may adapt to spend more of the daytime sleeping, so he can be awake and available to play with you when you get home at night. Working dogs like police or service dogs have more energy, and can stay awake for longer stretches of time performing their important duties.

    Dogs don’t sleep as deeply as we do. That’s why they can wake up immediately if necessary and bound out of bed to raise the alarm for an intruder or gobble up the kibble as you pour it.

    When is my dog sleeping too much?

    If you note drastic changes in the amount of time your dog spends sleeping, or he seems excessively lethargic, it could be indicative of a larger problem. Lethargy is a common symptom of diabetes, parvovirus, Lyme disease, depression, and hypothyroidism in dogs.

    If a major upset occurs in the life of your dog, such as the death of a loved one or a big move, he may sleep more or less than usual. This is a normal reaction, as dogs find comfort in routine and a major change affects their emotional wellbeing, but keep an eye out if their sleep doesn’t return to normal within a reasonable amount of time.

    Some dogs with shorter noses are also at risk for sleep apnea, which can make your dog more tired during the day due to experiencing less restful sleep.

    What are the common dog sleep positions?

    Does your dog have a favorite sleeping position? Dogs tend to sleep in one of three positions, and they have a reason why for each.

    • On their side with four legs stretched out: This is a comfortable position for your dog when he’s feeling very relaxed. It also exposes some of his belly to the air which can help him cool down.
    • On their back with all four paws in the air: When a dog is in this position, he’s at his most vulnerable. It’s the toughest for him to get up from and it exposes his neck and belly. If you catch him in this position, you know that he feels safe and secure. It’s also a good way for him to cool down since his belly is exposed.
    • Curled in a ball: This is the least comfortable position for a dog to sleep in, as it requires them to use their muscles to stay curled up. However, it is the easiest for them to spring up upon waking, making it a defensive position. Dogs who have been abused or are unsure of their environment often sleep in this position. However, sometimes dogs sleep curled up simply to keep warm.

    Your dog may sleep in any of these positions with their back to you, or another human or animal member of the pack. In dog packs, dogs sleep to each other for comfort and safety, so consider this a high honor. Your dog views you as part of the pack!

    How can I help my dog get better sleep?

    Follow these tips to give your pup more restful shuteye.

    1. Give your dog plenty of exercise and playtime during the day to stimulate his mind and tire him out by bedtime.
    2. Feed your dog well. Some pet foods contain fewer nutrients than others, which can lower your dog’s energy during the day.
    3. Don’t miss your vet check-ups. These regular appointments are a good way to identify any health conditions early on.
    4. Give your dog a comfortable place to sleep.
    • If you choose to share your bed with your dog, like nearly half of dog owners do, make sure you get a mattress that’s big enough for everyone to fit, and offers excellent motion isolation so you’re not woken up by them moving around. Memory foam and latex mattresses are good options for pet owners.
    • If you prefer your dog sleeps in a kennel or dog bed, make it cozy like a den would be in the wild. Give them a blanket or even a dirty old t-shirt that smells like you to provide comfort. There are various dog beds available to suit your dog’s favorite sleep positions – big ones made for stretching out vs. small nesting beds for those who like to curl up.

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    CATS

    Curled up, stretched out, or with fluffy tails across their face, no one can deny that cats are professional sleepers. Spending more than half the day asleep, our feline companions can count themselves among the ranks of sleepiest animals.

    Keep reading to learn more about feline sleeping patterns and how you can help your cat get better sleep.

    How much do cats sleep?

    Cats sleep between 12 to 16 hours a day on average. Domesticated cats hail from those in the wild, who as predators can enjoy the luxury of sleeping more. For prey animals, on the other hand, staying awake is literally a matter of life and death.

    Your particular cat’s sleeping patterns may vary, depending on her age and health. Kittens need more sleep – up to 20 hours – because they are spending so much energy growing into cathood. On the other end of the spectrum, older cats start to slow down around age 7 and need more rest, especially if they have arthritis or joint issues.

    Are cats nocturnal?

    While cats do spend a lot of time awake at night, they are more properly categorized as “crepuscular” than “nocturnal.” This refers to them being most active at dawn and dusk.

    In the wild, cats do much of their stalking at night, so domesticated cats still have it in their instincts to be active in the twilight hours when their prey are out and about. They are more likely to spend time dozing during the day, conserving their energy to hunt at night. Cats also have to eat multiple small prey in order to satisfy their appetite, so they catnap in between their hunts.

    However, like dogs, domesticated cats are prone to adjust their sleep schedule to fit their owner’s schedule – sleeping more when you’re not around and less when you are.

    Do cats experience sleep stages like humans do?

    Cats do progress from slow-wave sleep to REM sleep like humans and other mammals, but the time they spend in each stage, as well as a full sleep cycle, is much shorter.

    Cats spend about 6 minutes in REM sleep, while humans will spend between 90 to 120 minutes in REM sleep per night. Look for twitching whiskers and eyelids to catch your cat dreaming.

    Outside of REM, the majority of the time they’re in a sort of light sleep where their noses and ears stay on alert – ready to wake at a moment’s notice to hunt or protect themselves. During this stage, cats are able to sleep in an upright or sitting position simply by tensing their muscles.

    Is my cat sleeping too much?

    Cats with less toys and playtime will sleep more out of pure boredom. However, if your cat seems excessively sleepy or lethargic when they are awake, it could be a sign of a health problem such as anemia or hyperthyroidism. They could also be in pain from feline arthritis.

    Cats also tend to sleep more when they are overweight, so feeding your cat a healthier leaner diet can increase their energy and reduce their tendency to oversleep.

    Don’t be alarmed if your cat snores. Some short-nosed cats, such as the Persian, Himalayan, and Exotic Shorthair breeds, are prone to snoring.

    How can I help my cat sleep better?

    1. Feed your cat a healthy diet.

    Cheaper foods tend to contain fewer nutrients. As a result, your cat will be less frisky and more lethargic. Give your cat better food to ensure more restful sleep.

    2. Give your cat plenty of playtime.

    Cats like to play. If you don’t give them what they want, don’t be surprised when they wake you up at 2:00am by pawing at your face. You can keep them engaged during the day by placing a bird feeder outside a window. Then, place her kitty condo by the window at night so she can be entertained while you sleep.

    3. Make a firm decision about inviting your cat into your bed.

    If you choose to let your cat sleep with you, like 62% of cat owners do, get a mattress large enough and with decent motion isolation so you’re not roused by her collar jingling during a dream. Cats are also very territorial, so think hard and know for sure you want to let her sleep with you. Once you allow cats into your bedroom, they’re not going to leave without a fight.

    4. Do not give in to your cat’s pawing.

    If you want your cat to learn to leave you alone during the night, ignore her pawing. If you give in and start playing with her, she’ll learn that she can win and consider herself the dominant one in the house.

    5. Feed your cat at night.

    Cats tend to sleep well after a feast. If your cat bother you while you sleep, you can use a timed food bowl to feed in to her natural instincts.

     

  2. dog-1027549_1920

    Your neighbour has the cutest cat in the world, and your best friend has a dog you love who always comes to greet you. You’ve seen the adorable commercials featuring fluffy white Maltese puppies, and you’ve felt your heart explode when you saw a video on the internet showing a chubby kitty try to fit into a shoe box. After all of this, you can’t take it anymore. You’re ready to get a pet.

    However badly you may want a pet now, bringing a cute fluffy friend into your home isn’t an easy affair. You shouldn’t randomly pick the first animal that steals your heart from the animal shelter before considering what pet is the right one for you and your home. Here are some important things to keep in mind when choosing your first pet.

    Curb Your Enthusiasm

    Okay, so you’re really going through with it. Congratulations, you’ve taken a big step in assuming responsibility for another living thing. This means that you have thoroughly weighed not only the pros of owning a pet, but all the possible cons, too. Well, you have… haven’t you?

    Owning a pet can be is a huge responsibility, especially when bringing in a very young pup or kitten. Young animals have a lot in common with babies: they make messes. You’ll have to potty train them, and there will be accidents. Additionally, your pet will do things that might annoy or frustrate you. Some breeds of dogs love to bark at anything that moves. Some cats are born with a passive-aggressive sassy attitude, and there’s no guarantees that your new puppy won’t chew through your favorite pair of shoes. Once you accept that raising a pet won’t be all sunshine and rainbows, you can realistically begin to prepare for their arrival.

    Your Pet Will Have Needs Too

    Before you bring a new animal into your home, your home needs to be prepared to keep your animal sheltered and safe. You should understand that depending on the size and breed of your animal, they may require to have more room to move around. Larger breeds of dogs, for instance, will require you to take them out at least once a day for a vigorous walk to stay happy and healthy.

    Additionally, your pet will need to have a place to sleep and relieve themselves and a container for food and water. You may also need training pads, toys, and stain- and odor-cleaning spray to clean up the inevitable messes on your carpet. Keep in mind that owning a pet can be costly once you factor in purchasing their food and keeping up with their veterinarian bills. Once you have everything ready, you can then let your new furry friend into your home.

    There Will Be an Adjustment Period

    When you finally bring home your pet, you should understand that they might not immediately bond with you. If you choose to adopt a rescue animal, they may be particularly skittish and nervous to be in a new environment. It’ll take some time for them to warm up to you, but as long as you prove that you care for them and are able to provide them with food, water, and love, they’ll soon be curling up next to you just like you’ve always dreamed they would. The more time and care you put into raising your pet, the deeper your bond will be with them. It might not happen overnight, but soon you’ll have a loyal, playful friend that will never leave your side.

    No matter how difficult things may be in the beginning, you’ll soon understand what all the hard work and mild frustration was for. Raising a pet for the first time will be a challenge. There is a lot for you to learn, but the most profound thing you’ll come to realize is how much you can love and care for something. It’s truly a bond like none other.

    Photo Credit: Pixabay

    Jessica Brody

    Ourbestfriends.pet

    [email protected]

    According to the ASPCA, animal shelters take in 7.6 million dogs and cats each year. Unfortunately, only 2.7 million animals are adopted each year. I’d love to see that number increase.

    I’ve been a pet owner for decades. I know the seemingly infinite joy and love that comes from having a pet. But I also remember how nervous I was when I adopted my first dog.